Overview of the MultiversX Proxy
The MultiversX Proxy acts as an entry point into the MultiversX Network, through a set of Observer Nodes, and (partly) abstracts away the particularities and complexity of sharding.
The Proxy is a project written in go, and it serves as foundation for gateway.multiversx.com.
The source code of the Proxy can be found here: mx-chain-proxy-go.
While any Node in the Network can accept Transaction requests, the Transactions are usually submitted to the Proxy application, which maintains a list of Nodes - Observers - to forward Transaction requests to - these Observers are selected in such manner that any Transaction submitted to them will be processed by the Network as soon and as efficiently as possible.
The Proxy will submit a Transaction on behalf of the user to the REST API of one of its listed Observers, selected for (a) being online at the moment and (b) being located within the Shard to which the Sender's Account belongs. After receiving the Transaction on its REST API, that specific Observer will propagate the Transaction throughout the Network, which will lead to its execution.
The Observer Nodes of the Proxy thus act as a default dedicated entry point into the Network.
It is worth repeating here, though, that submitting a Transaction through the Proxy is completely optional - any Node of the Network will accept Transactions to propagate, given it has not disabled its REST API.
Overview of the MultiversX Proxy
In the figure above:
- The MultiversX Network - consisting of Nodes grouped within Shards. Some of these Nodes are Observers.
- One or more instances of the MultiversX Proxy - including the official one - connect to Observer Nodes in order to forward incoming user Transactions to the Network and to query state within the Blockchain.
- The client applications connect to the Network through the MultiversX Proxy. It is also possible for a blockchain-powered application to talk directly to an Observer or even to a Validator.
Official MultiversX Proxy
The official instance of the MultiversX Proxy is located at https://gateway.multiversx.com.
Set up a Proxy Instance
Documentation for setting up a Proxy is preliminary and subject to change
In order to host a Proxy instance on a web server, one has to first clone and build the repository:
git clone https://github.com/multiversx/mx-chain-proxy-go.git
go build .
The Proxy holds its configuration within the
config.toml- this is the main configuration file. It has to be adjusted so that the Proxy points to a list of chosen Observer Nodes.
external.toml- this file holds configuration necessary to Proxy components that interact with external systems. An example of such an external system is Elasticsearch - currently, MultiversX Proxy requires an Elasticsearch instance to implement some of its functionality.
apiConfig/credentials.toml- this file holds the configuration needed for enabling secured endpoints - only accessible by using BasicAuth.
apiConfig/v1_0.toml- this file contains all the endpoints with their settings (open, secured and rate limit).
Dependency on Elasticsearch
Currently, Proxy uses the dependency to Elasticsearch in order to satisfy the Get Address Transactions endpoint.
In order to connect a Proxy instance to an Elasticsearch cluster, one must update the